Air Changes per Hour (ACH & ACPH) Calculator Tool

Use this ACH Calculator tool to find the total number of air changes per hour, or per minute, based on your room dimensions and CFM (Cubic Feet per Minute) of your filtration device.

Need a dental calculator to determine settle time? Check out our dental operatory settle time calculator tool here: Dental Operatory Settle Time Calculator

What is ACH or ACPH?

ACH or ACPH stands for Air Changes per Hour and is commonly referred to as “air exchange rate” or “air change rate”. It is a measurement of how many times a volume of air within a room will be added, removed, or exchanged with filtered clean air

How do you calculate ACH or Air Changes per Hour?

To calculate Air Changes Per Hour (ACH), find the CFM of your device and multiply that by 60 then divide that total by the total cubic square feet of the room to get your total ACH.
ACH Formula
Q= CFM of filtration device
Vol= Room Volume

What is the formula to calculate ACH?

The formula to calculate ACH is 60 multiplied by the cfm of your air exchange device, divided by the volume of air in the room.
The ACH formula as an expression is: ACH=60Q/Vol
ACH = number of air changes per hour
Q = Volumetric flow rate of air in cubic feet per minute (cfm)
Vol = Space volume L x W x H, in cubic feet

How do you calculate the volume of air in a room?

To calculate the volume of air in a room multiple the length, width, and height to get your total cubic air volume.
The formula for air volume as an expression is: Vol = L x W x H
L = Length
W = Width
H = Height


Below you’ll find additional ACH requirements for specific types of healthcare related rooms.

Dental Room Air Changes Per Hour

Area Minimum total air changes per hour
Enclosed Dental Operatory12
Open Dental Operatory 6
Cleanup/ Sterilization 10
Laboratory 6
Dark Room 10
General Dental Centers 8-12
Oral Surgery Room 15


Air changes/hour (ACH) and time required for airborne-contaminant removal by efficiency

ACH Time (mins.) required for removal 99% efficiency Time (mins.) required for removal
99.9% efficiency
2 138 207
4 69 104
6+ 46 69
8 35 52
10+ 28 41
12+ 23 35
15+ 18 28
20 14 21
50 6 8

References

  1. https://www.ihs.gov/sites/oehe/themes/responsive2017/display_objects/documents/handbook/02104a9.pdf
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/guidelines/environmental/background/air.html
  3. https://www.cfm.va.gov/til/dGuide/dgDental.pdf